Dating brick bonds, what are the different types of brick bonds (with pictures)

What Are the Different Types of Brick Bonds

Brick masonry with steel reinforcement, which helps hold the masonry together during earthquakes, was used to replace many of the unreinforced masonry buildings. Sussex Bond with raised headers - Worcester. This bond is sufficiently strong and bears a good elevation.

Dry pressed bricks however are now commonly used for face bricks. Sometimes the bricks also have added lime, ash or organic matter which speeds up the burning of the brick. Any of these brick bonds can be modified using special masonry techniques.

What Are the Different Types of Brick Bonds (with pictures)


Can be parallel, perpendicular, or diagonal to the length of a path or patio. If the short end of the brick is placed parallel to the ground and facing out, it is called a header. For reasons of speed and economy, bricks were increasingly preferred as building material to stone, even in areas where the stone was readily available. This is what sets the brickwork together and creates the strength.

Dating brick bonds

Blocks may be solid, cellular or hollow. The finished blocks are cured, rather than fired, using low-pressure steam. This bond is very similar to the English Bond but its headers run one in every six courses of stretchers. This type of bond is best suited for very thick walls usually not less than four bricks thick.

  • Stretcher Bond has a monotonous appearance compared with solid wall bonds.
  • Note that depending on the number of suggestions we receive, this can take anywhere from a few hours to a few days.
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  • While it's a universally attractive pattern, it requires a cut brick at the end of every course to form a straight line.

This method is also relatively expensive, especially when dealing with multiple structures like the various out outbuildings on a farm. The most common form of clay used for everyday bricks, is that with a sandy consistency, silicate or alumina, which usually contains small quantities of lime or iron oxide. With a single brick thickness the only way to lay the bricks is along the wall.

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Flemish bond

Nathaniel Lloyd used photography extensively in his research, illustrating his own publications. Miniature Brick Building Kits. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikiquote Wikisource.

Types of Brick Bonds

The type of brick bond chosen can impact everything from the appearance and a wall or other structure to its strength and durability over time. The pictures show several examples. It is often favored in foundations were its appearance is less noticeable and and its strength is useful. These are a soft mud brick which are sometimes irregular in shape. We are sharing information we have learned in our work and encourage others to contribute.

They were mortared with soft lime mortar, hook up traditionally made from oyster shells. Fire bricks are generally yellow in colour and used in places where they would be subject to high temperatures. Many bond patterns include some method of interlocking each row of brick called a course to the neighboring courses. All the debris should then be washed off and the walls should be left to dry before the re-pointing begins.

Blocks have a much greater range of sizes. However, the use of brick has largely remained restricted to small to medium-sized buildings, as steel and concrete remain superior materials for high-rise construction. Angle grinder Bush hammer Ceramic tile cutter Chisel Diamond blade Lewis lifting appliance Non-explosive demolition agents Plug and feather Stonemason's hammer Straightedge.

Common Types of Brick Bonds Used in Masonry

During the transition between solid walls and cavity walls, several hollow wall bonds appeared. Flemish brick bonds date back to the Tudor period in England, naija dating app when masons were looking for a more attractive alternative to traditional English bonds. This is what is what we have here and what was likely the practice at the time you mentioned. For Terra-cotta brickwork this type of kiln is usually used. Colour is created by adding additional minerals to the white mortar.

Look up bricks in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. Evaluating the style of architecture and the building materials used are another important way to get some idea of the age of a structure. Rat Trap Bond showing cavity Wokingham. The commonest form of Rat-trap Bond is equivalent to Flemish Bond, indian dating sites but the principle can be applied to any bond except Header Bond.

The die sizes and cutter wire are calculated to compensate for the shrinkage of the brick during drying and firing. Its use could indicate newer construction with a brick veneer. In this arrangement of bonding, julie and the space between the external stretchers of a wall is filled with bricks inclined to the face of the wall.

Perhaps the most conclusive and scientific way to date a historic building is through dendrochronology, tree-ring dating. Though this method can be extremely precise in dating wooden structures, there are times when there is not enough old wood remaining suitable for a conclusive result. One difficulty with using brick bonds for dating historic buildings is that each different bond was used for a relatively long time. Bricks can be made to any specification in colour, size and shape which makes bricks easier to build with than stone.

  1. Clay from different sources is also often mixed together to create the desired mixture.
  2. Modern bricks and Portland cement.
  3. It applies to both brick walls and brick paving for patios and paths, as well as to concrete block and other types of masonry construction.
  4. This gives Stretcher Bond, where every course has just headers.
  5. An independent style of brick architecture, known as brick Gothic similar to Gothic architecture flourished in places that lacked indigenous sources of rocks.
  6. Green bricks are then dried out carefully to ensure a consistent colour and strength.

Brick bonds

Types of Brick Bonds

When turning a corner at the end of straight run, the two runs should be interlocked on every other course. Enlgish bond consists of alternating courses of headers and stretchers. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. During seismic events, the mortar cracks and crumbles, and the bricks are no longer held together. Paving bricks are of uniform size and colour and have been made by burning hard clay or shale.

This is a rectangular building which is open at the top and has side doors with fireholes built from fire bricks. For example, we have a general idea of the history of Quietude, in Hanover, Virginia which is corroborated by the brickwork. In garden wall bond, it is possible to build uniform faces for a wall without much labour or expense. Nathaniel Lloyd Brickwork and other books.

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Dating brick bonds
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